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Paule farmstead, Saureggen, Reichenau (Carinthia)

Number: 50
Bult: 1690
Year of translocation: 1968

This two-storey farmhouse dates from the 17th century. It is typical of farmhouses built west of the Dachstein line, a boundary running north-south through Austria. To the west of this line, farmhouses were usually two to three rooms deep, while houses to the east of the Dachstein line were only one room deep.The Paule farmhouse has an eave-side entrance. At the gable end is a spacious kitchen with a raised open hearth and a small parlour with a tiled stove. The hearth is set diagonally and protrudes into the room, which is a typical feature of farmhouses in the Millstatt area. Behind the hearth is a big oven which was used for baking and roasting as well as for drying fruit. The space above the oven also functioned as a sleeping alcove and was used for dry heat baths.The small windows are arranged at different levels to provide daylight and a view outside. People sitting on the kitchen benches could look straight out of the lower windows, while the upper windows are at the height of a standing adult.The upper storey accommodates the bedrooms, another parlour with a tiled stove and a large in-built storage cupboard. The house has a pitched rafter roof and is covered with wooden boards. The gap between the wall plate and the hip roof is typical of the area where the farm was originally located.